he HANS device (Head And Neck Support device) is a safety item compulsory in many car racing sports. It reduces the chances of head and/or neck injuries, such as a basal skull fracture, in the event of a crash.The device was designed in the early 1980s by Dr. Robert Hubbard, a professor of biomechanical engineering at Michigan State University. After talking to his brother-in-law, road-racer Jim Downing, after the death of one of their mutual friend, Patrick Jacquemart who was killed in IMSA testing accident at Mid-Ohio, when his Renault Le Car struck a sandbank and was dead on arrival with head injuries[1][2], it was decided that some sort of protection was required to help prevent injuries from sudden stops, especially during accidents. The primary cause of death amongst drivers during races was through violent head movements, where the body remains in place because of the seat belts but the momentum keeps the head moving forwards. It is still debated whether the death of popular NASCAR driver Dale Earnhardt was the result of a broken seat belt, or inadequate head and neck restraint....


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